Möchten Sie Ihre eigene FlightAware PiAware ADS-B Bodenstation bauen?

Sie können nun Ihre eigene ADS-B Bodenstation bauen, die Sie überall installieren können und Daten direkt von den Flugzeugen in Echtzeit auf Ihrem Computer empfangen.

Ihre Bodenstation kann FlightAware's PiAware Software nutzen, um Flüge innerhalb 100-300 miles (abhängig vom Standort der Antenne) zu verfolgen und übermittelt die Daten automatisch an FlightAware. Sie können Flüge direkt von Ihrem PiAware Gerät oder auf FlightAware.com verfolgen.

User, die ADS-B Daten an FlightAware senden, sehen ihre eigenen Daten live und hervorgehoben in den FlightAware Track Logs, sowie weitere Informationen anderer ADS-B-Sender und erhalten %1 mit noch mehr Informationen auf anderen ADS-B Seiten rund um die Welt.

  • Live data on flightaware.com (subject to standard data processing delay of up to two minutes)
  • Access to up-to-the-second live data received by the local device (accessible from the stats page with a local network connection)
  • Data from local device highlighted on FlightAware track logs
  • Detaillierte Statistiken über die Seitenperformance
  • A free Enterprise Account (USD 89.95 monatliche Gebühr)

Der Einstieg ist schnell und einfach!

Wenn Sie den nachfolgenden Anweisungen folgen, sollte der Zusammenbau ungefähr 2 Stunden Stunden dauern. Die Teile kosten zirka 100 US Dollar/80 Euro.

Läuft dump1090 auf einem Raspberry Pi?

Schauen Sie auf PiAware Installation um die neueste Version auf Ihr Pi zu installieren.
FlightAware PiAware: Skyview ADS-B software web interface
1PiAware Shopping Liste

To build a PiAware, you must obtain the following components:

  1. Raspberry Pi 3
    • Raspberry Pi 2 can be used but a USB Wi-Fi adapter will be needed to connect to the internet wirelessly
    • Raspberry Pi Zero W can also be used
  2. Power supply for the Raspberry Pi
    • Wir empfehlen Ihnen ein %1 Netzteil.
  3. Micro SD Card (size: 8 GB or larger)
  4. Micro SD card reader
    • Wir empfehlen Ihnen eine %1 oder größere microSD Karte. Sollte Ihr Computer über keinen eingebauten SD Kartenleser verfügen, benötigen Sie außerdem einen USB SD Kartenleser.
  5. USB SDR ADS-B Receiver (FlightAware Pro Stick or Pro Stick Plus recommended)
    • The USB SDR (Software Defined Radio) ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast) receiver translates the 1090 MHz radio signal into something the computer can understand
    • Hint: If you are choosing between the FlightAware Pro Stick and the Pro Stick Plus remember the Plus has an on-board filter that works well in locations that have a lot of radio noise, such as urban environments.
  6. 1090 MHz Antenna
    • An indoor antenna can be purchased to start. If using the FlightAware USB adapter be sure the antenna has an SMA connector.
    • If you use a telescoping mast antenna be sure to collapse it to a quarter wavelength of 1090 MHz (6.9 cm) to maximize reception.
Additionally, you can choose to purchase or find the following items but they are not required.
  • Micro SD Card pre-loaded with PiAware
    • Skip the step to program the micro SD card
  • Raspberry Pi Case
    • Protect the Raspberry Pi from shorts
  • Ethernet Cable
    • This is needed if not using Wi-Fi
  • 1090 MHz Signal Filter
    • If you live in an urban environment or a location that has a lot of radio noise this will help filter out that excess signal
  • 200 joules Surge Suppressor
    • The Raspberry Pi is vulnerable to voltage spikes so consider a surge protector to prevent damage.
    • If you are in an area known for high voltage spikes consider an 800 joules surge protector

Die Teile, um eine PiAware Box zu bauen, sind überall in der Welt verfügbar. Allerdings variieren Anbieter und Verfügbarkeit je nach Land. Eine Shopping Liste mit hilfreichen Links für Norway finden Sie weiter unten. Erzählen Sie es uns bitte in unserem Forum, falls es bessere Anbieter in Ihrem Land gibt. Alternativ lesen Sie bitte diese Instruktionen:

Argentina | Australia | Canada | Germany | France | India | Mexico | Norway | People's Republic of China | Russia | South Africa | South Korea | Thailand | Turkey | United Kingdom | United States

2Installieren Sie PiAware auf Ihrer SD Karte

Korrektes Laufwerk
Stellen Sie sicher, dass Sie das korrekte Laufwerk für die Installation des Images auswählen
Windows
  1. Laden Sie PiAware on Raspbian Linux 3.5.0 ZIP (320MB) herunter und speichern Sie die Datei auf Ihrem Computer.
    • Clicking on the link will automatically download the file into the download folder.
  2. Go to https://etcher.io/ download the SD card writer (approx 80MB) and follow the directions to install the program.
    • Information on your Windows operating system can be found under: Control Panel\\All Control Panel Items\\System. View the Control Panel with small icons to see all the Control Panel options.
    • Control Panel -> All Control Panel Items -> System
  3. Open Etcher.
    • Etcher may need to be run as administrator (right-click, \"Run as Administrator\").
    • Windows 'Run as Administrator'
  4. Select the PiAware zip file.
  5. Select the correct Micro SD card USB drive carefully, the process will overwrite any data on the drive and people have lost years worth of pictures accidentally. Consider removing external hard drives and other devices to avoid accidentally overwriting the data.
    • Confirm the drive on the 'My Computer' screen. The below image shows the micro SD card as 'Removable Disk F:'.
    • Etcher Icon
  6. Once you are sure the correct drive is chosen press 'Flash!'.
  7. After PiAware is installed Etcher should automatically eject the SD card, if not manually eject the SD card and remove from the computer.
  8. Etcher Flash Complete
Mac OS X
  1. Laden Sie PiAware on Raspbian Linux 3.5.0 ZIP (320MB) herunter und speichern Sie die Datei auf Ihrem Computer.
    • Clicking on the link will automatically download the file into the download folder.
  2. Go to https://etcher.io/ download the SD card writer (approx 80MB) and follow the directions to install the program.
  3. Etcher download
  4. Open Etcher.
    • The program may need to be run as administrator (control+open application)
    Etcher Icon
  5. Select the PiAware zip file.
  6. Select the correct Micro SD card USB drive carefully, the process will overwrite any data on the drive and people have lost years worth of pictures accidentally. Consider removing external hard drives and other devices to avoid accidentally overwriting the data.
    • Confirm the drive on the 'Finder' screen. The below image shows the micro SD card as 'NO NAME'.
    • NO NAME
    • Administrative privileges on the computer will be needed, sign into an administrative account if a prompt appears.
  7. Once you are sure the correct drive is chosen press 'Flash!'.
  8. After PiAware is installed Etcher should automatically eject the SD card, if not manually eject the SD card and remove from the computer.
  9. Etcher Flash Complete

3Optional: Enable Wi-Fi

If on board Wi-Fi or a USB adapter will be used to connect to the internet you will need to edit the configuration file. Etcher will automatically eject the Micro SD card after formatting, physically remove the Micro SD card or USB adapter and plug it back into the computer to edit the configuration file.

The configuration file allows the user to configure and set the following

  • Wired network
  • Wireless (WiFi) network
    • PiAware supports unencrypted networks or WPA/WPA2 encrypted networks; WEP is not supported
  • Automatic or manual updates*
  • Multilateration (MLAT) output*
  • Receiver type (RTL-SDR, Beast, Radarcape or other Mode S/ADS-B source)
  • RTL-SDR gain, PPM and device index
  • * indicates a setting that can be configured on the site's statistics page. For full configuration options see advanced configuration
Configuration File Format

The configuration file is a simple plain text format file.

Lines beginning with a “#” are comment lines and are ignored. Blank lines are also ignored. All other lines specify configuration settings.

Windows
  1. Open the Explorer program
  2. Select the Micro SD card device labeled piaware
  3. Open the file labeled piaware-config.txt
  4. The file will open in Notepad
Mac OS X
  1. Open the Finder program
  2. Select the Micro SD card device labeled piaware
  3. Open the file labeled piaware-config.txt
  4. The file will open in TextEdit

Below is the text file opened, instructions to enable Wi-Fi are in BOLD.


#
# This file configures the Piaware sdcard image
# configuration. Whenever the system boots, this
# file is read and its contents are used to
# configure the system.
#
# Lines beginning with a '#' are comment lines
# and are ignored. Blank lines are also ignored.
# All other lines specify configuration settings.
#

#
# WIRED NETWORK CONFIGURATION
#
# Should piaware use the wired ethernet port
# for network access?
wired-network yes

# Wired network configuration:
# Most networks will use DHCP
wired-type dhcp

# Alternatively, a static address configuration
# can be provided; set "wired-type" to static to use this.
wired-address 192.168.1.10
wired-netmask 255.255.255.0
wired-broadcast 192.168.1.255
wired-gateway 192.168.1.254
wired-nameservers 8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4

#
# WIRELESS NETWORK CONFIGURATION
#

# Should piaware use a wifi adaptor
# for network access? You will need to attach
# a supported USB wifi adaptor for this to work.

# change this to "yes" to enable wifi
wireless-network yes

# Wifi SSID and password.
# This should be changed to match your wireless
# network SSID and, for networks that require
# a passphrase, the passphrase.
wireless-ssid MyWifiNetwork <-----replace MyWifiNetwork with the name of your WiFi (aka the SSID of your local network)
wireless-password s3cr3t <-----replace s3cr3t with the password to your WiFi

# Wifi network configuration:
# Most networks will use DHCP
wireless-type dhcp

# Alternatively, a static address configuration
# can be provided; set "wireless-type" to static to use this.
wireless-address 192.168.1.10
wireless-netmask 255.255.255.0
wireless-broadcast 192.168.1.255
wireless-gateway 192.168.1.254
wireless-nameservers 8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4

Windows
  1. Once the file has been edited save and close Notepad
  2. Eject the Micro SD card either in My Computer by right clicking and selecting Eject
  3. piaware eject Windows 7
  4. A pop-up should appear stating it is OK to remove the SD card
  5. Windows SD card safe to remove
Mac OS X
  1. Once the file has been edited save and close TextEdit
  2. Eject the Micro SD card either in Finder using the eject icon
  3. piaware eject button MAC

4Starten Sie Ihr PiAware Gerät

  1. Stecken Sie die SD-Karte (mit dem installierten PiAware) in Ihr Raspberry Pi.
  2. Micro SD card in Pi
  3. Optional: Put the case on the Raspberry Pi.
  4. Plug the USB SDR ADS-B receiver into the Raspberry Pi.
  5. RTL-SDR connected to Raspberry Pi
  6. Machen Sie das Antennenkabel an Ihrem ADS-B USB-Stick fest.
  7. Antenna connected to USB SDR ADS-B receiver
  8. Plug the ethernet (internet) cable in. (If using WiFi skip this step)
  9. Plug the power into your Raspberry Pi.
  10. Raspberry Pi connected to power and an antenna
  11. Sie sollten eine dauerhaft leuchtende rote und eine blinkende grüne LED, sowie gelbe und grüne LEDs an Ihrem Ethernet-Anschluß beobachten.
  12. Raspberry Pi LEDs

5Fordern Sie Ihren PiAware Client auf FlightAware.com an

Sie sollten ungefähr vier bis fünf Minuten während des Starts Ihres PiAware warten und können dann Ihren FlightAware Account mit ihrem PiAware Gerät verknüpfen, um von allen Vorteilen zu profitieren.

Wenn Ihr Gerät erst einmal läuft, bitte:

Look up the IP address in your router admin and go to the assigned IP address in a browser on the same network. If the device hasn't been claimed a link to claim the PiAware device will display.

Or

Fordern Sie Ihren PiAware Client auf FlightAware.com an

If after 5 minutes your device hasn't displayed as claimed try restarting the device, if that still doesn't work re-confirm the Wi-Fi settings (if using Wi-Fi) are correct. Lastly contact us at ADSBsupport@FlightAware.com. Check your stats page (link below) to confirm it was claimed.

FlightAware PiAware: Claim PiAware via Status

6Ihre ADSB-Statistiken

  1. Sie finden Ihre ADS-B Statistiken unter: http://de.flightaware.com/adsb/stats
    • FlightAware beginnt unverzüglich mit der Bearbeitung Deiner Daten und zeigt Deine Statistiken innerhalb von 30 Minuten.
  2. Configure your location and antenna height on your statistics page by clicking on the gear icon located to the right of the Site name.
    • Multilateration, also known as MLAT, functions by pinpointing the location of an aircraft by knowing the locations of sites that received messages from the aircraft.
  3. The FlightAware stats page will also tell you the local IP of your device and provide a link for direct connection. This is where you can find a link to SkyView, a web portal for viewing flights the receiver is picking up messages from on a map.
FlightAware PiAware: Skyview ADS-B software web interface

7Erfolgreich!

Vergessen Sie nicht, dass die Signale der Flugzeuge nicht geeignet sind, um Objekte zu durchdringen. Deshalb sollte sich die Antenne ohne Hindernisse in "Blickrichtung" zum Himmel befinden. Die optimalste Anbringung der Antenne wäre draußen auf dem Dach für eine Reichweite von mehr als 250 mi / 400 km.

Viel Spaß bei der Verwendung von PiAware und FlightAware mit extra Funktionen exklusiv für ADS-B Empfänger wie Sie. Bitte besuchen Sie die Diskussionsforen, um Ihre Erfahrungen zu teilen und mehr zu erfahren.

8Optionale Schritte für ein fortgeschrittenes Setup